It Worth To Know These Superheros Who Replant The Whole Forest

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It was the year of 2015 and for the first time in my life, my attention went to Padma Shri awards. Padma Shri is the fourth highest honor for any citizen of India. And this time, many names I saw were connected to those people who were not really famous. They had no discussions in social media or in active media but he had been working at thegrassroots for a long time. Firstly, the Padmashree used to meet those people who were already dignified. Such as actor, industrialist but for the first time, I heard the names of people whose names have not been heard before. And I was not alone who didn’t hear their names. There were also other people who heard their names the first time.All Padma Shri winners are always special but a one Padma Shri winner has taken my attention the most and his name is Jadav Payeng. He alone built a whole forest on his own. Recently I started reading on the internet to find people like Jadhav across the world, and I was surprised that there are enough people who are doing this kind of work in a different part of the world. Their motivations are different but of course, the results are very good for Mother Earth. I have listed such four inspirational people in different parts of the world

Superheros of Mother Nature

Jadav Payeng (Forest Man of India)
Assam, India
The forest, which came to be known as Molai forest, now houses Bengal tigers, Indian rhinoceros, and over 100 deer and rabbits. Molai forest is also home to monkeys and several varieties of birds, including a large number of vultures. There are several thousand trees, including valcol, arjun (Terminalia arjuna), ejar (Lagerstroemia speciosa), goldmohur (Delonix regia), koroi (Albizia procera), moj (Archidendron bigeminum) and himolu (Bombax ceiba). Bamboo covers an area of over 300 hectares.
A herd of around 100 elephants regularly visits the forest every year and generally stay for around six months. They have given birth to 10 calves in the forest in recent years
Amazing Fact
  • Over the course of several decades, he has planted and tended trees on a sandbar of the river Brahmaputra turning it into a forest reserve (Indian man who planted the whole forest).
  • The forest, called Molai forest after him is located near Kokilamukh of Jorhat, Assam, India and encompasses an area of about 1,360 acres / 550 hectares.
  • It is the biggest man-made forest in India and  it is largest than Central Park in New York City
  • It all started by planting around 20 bamboo seedlings on the sandbar when in 1979 a large number of snakes that had died due to excessive heat after floods washed them onto the tree-less sandbar.
  • In 2015, he was honored with Padma Shri, the fourth highest civilian award in India.
  • In 2013, poachers tried to kill the rhinos staying in the forest but failed in their attempt due to Molai who alerted department officials. Officials promptly seized various articles used by the poachers to trap the animals


Molai Forest in Google Map


Yacouba Sawadogo (The Man Who Stopped the Desert)
Burkina Faso, Africa
Reforestation and soil conservation. He wants to design a training program that will be helpful for neighboring villages farmers those visits him for advice on good quality seeds to plant
Amazing Fact
  • Initially, farmers in his community ridiculed him and thought he was going mad.
  • He started using an ancient African farming practice technique called zai, which leads to forest growth and improved soil quality.
  • Fifteen hectares forest containing many plant and animal species.
  • A 2010 documentary feature film The Man Who Stopped the Desert, first screened in the UK, portrays his life.
  • He fights the accepted wisdom of the traditional land chiefs who are opposed to his new farming techniques. Opposition turns to anger when jealous neighbors burn down Yacouba’s newly planted forest and millet fields.



Sebastião Ribeiro Salgado
Minas Gerais, Brazil
More than 172 species of birds, 33 species of mammals, 15 species of amphibians and reptiles have been spotted in the forest interiors, something which was beyond imagination two decades ago.
Amazing Fact
  • He is a social documentary photographer and photojournalist. 
  • He has traveled in over 120 countries for his photographic projects.
  • In the early 1990s, Salgado was stationed in Rwanda to cover the horrific accounts of the Rwanda genocide. The on-ground experience left him traumatized. In 1994
  • It was his wife who made her wish to replant the entire forest. Salgado supported her idea, and together the couple set out on a heroic mission
  • In only a few years, his beautiful hometown underwent rampant deforestation, leaving it fallow and devoid of all the wildlife. This event is the motivation for Salgado.
  • The biodiversity-rich zone has recently been declared as a Private Natural Heritage Reserve (PNHR)


Fazenda Bulcao in Google Maps


Pamela and Anil Malhotra
SAI (Save Animals Initiative) Sanctuary, Karnataka, India
Today, they are responsible for creating over 300 acres of a wildlife sanctuary that hosts animals like Bengal Tigers, Asian Elephants, Hyena, Wild Boar, Leopards, Sambhar, etc.
Amazing Fact
  • The couple has grown 10-12 acres of coffee and around 15 acres of cardamom on the land. They are also involved in organic farming on the same land
  • The sanctuary runs completely on solar and alternate energy. For days of heavy rainfall, the three small windmills meet the needs of providing enough electricity to the sanctuary
  • Sanctuary Trust first went to the Himalayas, but as the laws in the Northern part of the country have a land ceiling of 12 acres, they came down South to give shape to their dreams of preservation and protection of nature and wildlife.
  • They bought around 55 acres of unused and abandoned land from the farmers who were not using it due to excess of rainfall in Kodagu district of Karnataka. Later they bought more land and it becomes 300 acres
  • This way the land was used and also farmers got money to repay their debts as the land was anyway lying idle. 


SAI Sanctuary in Google Map

All these people got their inspiration in life events or natural events. But the result of all efforts is almost identical. The forest that got neutralized again grew again The animals got their house back Soil fertility grew to Increase the amount of water in the atmosphere. Rain also started to occur normally. I salute these people and their effort. Despite lacking in resources and help from the government they still achieved it. Although these people have put serious effort deforestation is still a very serious issue for our planet. We need more and more these kinds of people to save our planet. It is not like that people don’t want to plant trees but there is a lack of knowledge and availability of resources. Due to that normal people stay away from planing the tress. But deforestation can be a very severe and next catastrophe for our planet if not given attention now. 

Some Scary Facts about deforestation 

    • We’re losing 18.7 million acres of forests annually, equivalent to 27 soccer fields every minute as per
    • In the Amazon, around 17% of the forest has been lost in the last 50 years, mostly due to forest conversion for cattle ranching as per
    • Up to 28,000 species are expected to become extinct by the next quarter of the century due to deforestation
    • 13 million hectares per year in South America and Africa and South East Asia are converted from a forest to agriculture land.
    • Loss of forests contributes between 12 percent and 17 percent of annual global greenhouse gas emissions. (World Resources Institute)
    • Poverty, over-population and unequal land access are the main causes of man-made deforestation.
    • 1.6 billion people across the globe depend on forest products for their livelihoods thereby adding more to deforestation
    • Deforestation affects the water cycle. Trees absorb groundwater and release the same into the atmosphere during transpiration. When deforestation happens, the climate automatically changes to a drier one and also affects the water table.
    • In 100 Years, there will be no Rainforests

Primary Causes of Deforestation

Impact/Consequences of Deforestation

  • Increased Greenhouse Gas Emission 
  • Disruption of Water Cycle
  • Disrupted Livelihood
  • Increase Soil Erosion

Prevention of Deforestation

    • Forest-derived Products. Make sure they’re 100% post-consumer content materials.

Forest Related Activities in a different part of the world

As per Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015 which happens every 5 years



Will anything change?

Control deforestation is not easy. If today we start then also it will take decades to improve the situation. But it becomes more complicated when it comes to investment. As per reports Up to US$941 billion of turnover in publicly listed companies is dependent on commodities linked to deforestation, including soy, palm oil, cattle, and timber. So certainly path is not easy and straight forward but with the above charts, we can see some positive signs in reforestation. It is well understood that some part of the Globe deforestation situation has already taken care as we can see increased forest land in many countries and we can see positive signs. However many other countries still losing Forest in the scariest way. By the proper awareness campaigns, it is possible to make people aware and reduces deforestation. We have no other choice than to stop deforestation. There is no planet B. 

If you cut a tree, you cut a life
If you save a tree, you save a life
If you plant a tree, you plant a life


Hello, My name is Dheeraj Jain. I am a software engineer by profession and hobbyist historian. I am trying yo write content that has not been explored in the past. More info about me @

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